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Cholesterol is also needed

Cholesterol is also needed


 'Cholesterol has increased.' As soon as we hear this, our mind becomes restless. When cholesterol levels increase, the risk of heart disease increases. This is our common opinion.


While cholesterol is very important for the body. But what kind of cholesterol?


Cardiologist Dr. Kamal Sharma Lamsal says, 'Cholesterol is a layer of fat in our body.'


But if the amount of cholesterol in the blood is more than what is needed, it accumulates in the blood vessels, liver and heart. "Especially in the blood vessels, it accumulates and the blood vessels are narrowed and the blood flow is not good," Dr. Lamsal says, 'Because of that, the risk of stroke, heart attack and heart disease can increase.'



According to him, there are no symptoms to identify the increased cholesterol. Information about this is available only after checking.


Two types of cholesterol


Cholesterol is mainly of two types. "HDL cholesterol" which works well in the body and bad "LDL cholesterol" which can have a bad effect on the body.


Good cholesterol prevents heart attacks and strokes, while bad cholesterol causes heart attacks and strokes. Lamsal says.


Lamsal says that consumption of highly fatty foods, fatty meat, processed oil, sugary drinks, egg yolks, foods high in carbohydrates and packaged foods for a long time, junk food, and smoking and drinking will increase the amount of bad cholesterol in the body.


Talk about good cholesterol


Good cholesterol, which prevents the accumulation of fat in blood vessels. Excess bad cholesterol is made inactive through the liver.


Good cholesterol is necessary for the formation of body cells. Dr. Lamsal says 'good cholesterol inactivates bad cholesterol and prevents problems such as diabetes, heart disease and high blood pressure that appear in the body due to bad cholesterol.'


How much cholesterol should be?


There are different units for measuring cholesterol. Cholesterol is measured in milligrams and millimoles. Generally, the body should have more than 40 milligrams of good cholesterol. But now, looking at various researches, it has been found that many people have more bad cholesterol than good cholesterol. Lamsal says.


"To increase the amount of good cholesterol in the body, you should eat nuts, dry fruits like walnuts, fish, fish oil, olive oil, etc.," he says.


Cholesterol itself is not a disease


A fat-like substance produced by the liver in the body is called cholesterol. Cholesterol is a very important part of human blood cells.


Cholesterol is needed for healthy cells, vitamin D, digestion and the production of many hormones such as estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, cortisol and aldosterone. The amount of cholesterol in the body should be appropriate for various physical activities. Having cholesterol in the body is not dangerous, but when cholesterol levels increase, the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease increases.


What happens when cholesterol is high? How to control?


Why does cholesterol increase?

Genetic reasons, unhealthy lifestyle, excessive consumption of factory-produced foods, and people with heart disease and obesity can cause cholesterol to rise. If the amount of cholesterol is high, it can block the blood vessels and cause serious heart problems. This also increases the risk of heart attack. Therefore, it is important to adopt a healthy lifestyle, to pay special attention to a healthy diet and regular exercise in order to avoid high cholesterol levels.


Cholesterol causes disturbances


Cholesterol itself is not a disease. When it is out of balance, health problems appear. High and low cholesterol is associated with long-term diseases such as blood pressure, thyroid, diabetes, and heart disease. Cholesterol levels can be disturbed when these diseases occur.


People who are obese are also likely to have high cholesterol levels. The habit of smoking will damage the arteries of the heart over time. This helps to increase the amount of cholesterol.

Cholesterol consists of various fatty substances, among them there are two types of cholesterol, good and bad, LDL (low density lipoprotein) and HDL (high density lipoprotein). It should be understood that a decrease in good cholesterol and an increase in bad cholesterol is a problem.


LDL is called bad cholesterol. It transports cholesterol from the liver to the cells. If its amount is high, it starts accumulating harmfully in the cells. Over time, LDL hardens the blood vessels.


But HDL is considered good cholesterol. It prevents heart related diseases.


Cause of high cholesterol


Today, because we don't get quality food like before, the activities inside the body have started to change. Excessive consumption of factory-produced foods such as Coke, Fanta, junk food also plays a role in raising cholesterol levels.


People who are obese are also likely to have high cholesterol levels. The habit of smoking will damage the arteries of the heart over time. This helps to increase the amount of cholesterol. A heart attack occurs when the cholesterol level increases and the risk of heart disease increases. In which one of the main factors, cigarettes are number one.


Similarly, if a family member has a stroke or heart disease, there is a higher chance of cholesterol increase in patients with diabetes or high blood pressure.


Symptoms of high cholesterol


There are no specific symptoms to identify high cholesterol. Doctors can give advance information about this only after examining the body. However, cholesterol status can be known through a blood test.


If heart disease occurs due to cholesterol disturbance and risk of other diseases, it is a symptom of heart attack. Cholesterol is like a silent killer. Its symptoms are paralysis and heart attack.


The myth that eating fatty foods raises cholesterol


There is a widespread misconception that eating fatty foods only increases cholesterol, which is wrong. Our body needs the right fats. On the advice of a nutritionist, you should identify the right fats and eat food with the amount of protein. Don't eat only fat because you shouldn't eat fat. Apart from that, drinks like Coke, Fanta which are made in factories. Eating such foods increases the amount of cholesterol.


How to control high cholesterol?


Cholesterol levels can be controlled if you eat a healthy diet along with lifestyle changes. For this, it is necessary to pay attention to some things.


-Avoid alcohol and smoking


-Exercise


- Do not eat floury food


- Eat less food made from grain


- Do not eat sugary foods such as sweets


- Take care if you have a hereditary chronic disease


-Include fiber rich foods in your diet


Cholesterol test


- The only way to find out the amount of cholesterol is a blood test. This risk is assessed and treated.


-When measuring cholesterol, HDL and LDL levels of triglycerides are checked. Everyone has a special role in this. It is especially good to have high HDL cholesterol and low LDL cholesterol. Even if there are other chronic diseases, it is checked.


Cholesterol medication


Cholesterol medicine should be taken only as per doctor's advice. Whether or not to take medication to control cholesterol is based on the risk of heart disease.


If there is diabetes, doctors can give medicine to men over 40 and women who have stopped menstruating, even if their cholesterol does not decrease much. People who are not at risk of heart disease should pay attention to their diet.

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