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An uncontrolled thyroid can affect any organ

 An uncontrolled thyroid can affect any organ

The thyroid is a 10 to 25 gram butterfly-shaped gland in the front of the neck, which produces the hormones thyroxine (T-30) and triiodothyronine (T-40) in the body. These hormones, which are needed by every part of the body, control the process of converting food into energy.

When these two hormones are low or high, when the balance of the thyroid is disturbed, it is understood that there is a problem related to the thyroid. Which is said to be thyroid in dialect.

Too much hormone is called hyperthyroidism and too little is called hypothyroidism. Among these, the most common problem is hypothyroidism. Similarly, hyperthyroidism is seen only in few people.

The problem is more in women

This problem is more common in women than in men. It has been found that this disease is more common in women due to disturbances in immune system. If the mother has thyroid, there is a possibility that the baby will also have it after birth. In some cases, even after pregnancy, the disturbance of thyroid hormone is seen. But after some time this problem gets cured by itself.

the reason

Thyroid hormone is made in the body from iodine. When there is a lack of iodine, there is a problem related to thyroid hormones. This disease is also hereditary. In case of various chemicals, environmental pollution, viral infection, problems can appear due to infection in the thyroid gland.

Likewise, if the size of the thyroid gland increases, it should be checked immediately. Enlargement of the gland is also called goitre. Because some goiters can be cancerous.

The symptoms are also different when the thyroid is low and when it is high.

Symptoms of thyroid deficiency

- Lethargy in the body


-Dullness in mind

- Excessive sleepiness

- Decreased heart rate

- Skin itching, rash

- Swelling of limbs

Symptoms of an overactive thyroid

- No matter how much you eat, you will lose weight

- Feeling hot

- Increased heart rate

- Menstrual disturbances in women

Identification and treatment

First of all, family history and symptoms should be understood for identification. Thyroid level is detected by blood test. If the thyroid is high or low, it is treated with medicine. However, it cannot be completely eradicated. Medicines are given according to the level of thyroid hormone to keep it in balance. Which should be eaten for life without missing it. Along with this, it is mandatory to check the blood level every 6-6 months. According to the level of thyroid, the medicine should be reduced or increased.

Problems that appear when uncontrolled

Thyroid works in every part of the body. Therefore, when the thyroid is uncontrolled, it can cause problems anywhere in the heart, brain, kidneys, skin, neurological problems, nose, ears and throat.

Is it possible to prevent?

Thyroid cannot be prevented. It can appear at any age, so no one knows when it will happen. If there is anyone in the family then the family member should get thyroid test done from time to time. Do not over-expose to radiation.

Do you have to eat?

Foods like cauliflower and lentils are eaten when there is thyroid. But studies have not shown a direct link between food and thyroid. So don't eat too much. It is important to eat any food in a balanced way. Also, iodized salt and seafood are considered beneficial for those with thyroid problems.


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