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"Having thyroid during pregnancy can be a risk to the baby"

 "Having thyroid during pregnancy can be a risk to the baby"


There may be some complications during pregnancy. Thyroid is one of them. What happens if you have a thyroid during pregnancy? Can there be any risk to the unborn child? Can children born with thyroid be disabled? What options can be adopted if there is a thyroid in this situation?



Thyroid disease specialist Dr. Online journalist Sumitra Luitel's conversation with Madhu Pandey:


What kind of problem is the thyroid? How to understand it simply?


The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland in the neck. The hormones released from it control and influence the work of many parts of the body. If there is any obstruction in the production of thyroid or its related hormones, it will cause many problems.


Some people call the thyroid itself a disease, but it is not. There are problems such as goiter, low production of thyroid hormone, problem of excess production of thyroid hormone, swelling of the thyroid and lumps, growth of flesh, cancer. Hypo and hyper thyroidism are mostly seen in these problems.


What causes thyroid?


Due to the thyroid itself, there is a fear of abnormal birth in the fetus. Generally speaking, 'neurological disorders' in children may appear as problems such as stopping or slowing down of mental development.

Mainly thyroid is due to lack of iodine. We do not know how much iodine we are consuming daily. Therefore, many people have thyroid because of iodine.


Also, thyroid problems are also caused by genetics. This problem is also increasing due to changing lifestyle and diet. This problem can appear during pregnancy as well as during hormonal changes.


How much is responsible for thyroid? Or these things can also cause thyroid?


Things like diet, lifestyle, climate, mood also cause thyroid problems. The food we are eating now is not pure, all the food is adulterated. Due to the impurity in food, this problem has started to appear in many people.


Earlier, there was no facility to check thyroid, so this problem was not seen much. Now there is a good facility to check thyroid and people are also aware, due to which this problem is increasing.


What are the symptoms of thyroid? How do I know if I have thyroid?


Since there are mainly two types of thyroid, the symptoms are different in both of them. The problem of excess production of hormones is called hyperthyroidism. Thyroid is more active in it.


Many symptoms appear due to imbalance in the secretion of T3 and T4 hormones in the body. For example, the body becomes thinner and thinner with weight loss, increased appetite, upset stomach, hair loss, fear, increased heart rate, irritability, jitters, lack of attention to work, increased sweating, tremors in limbs, insomnia. , symptoms such as unstable mind, dry mouth are also seen.


In hypothyroidism, the production of thyroid hormone is reduced. In this, there are problems such as irregular heartbeat, fatigue, hair and skin becoming dry and flaky, weight gain, lethargy, sleep disturbance, swelling of the scrotum, more or less bleeding during menstruation in women, and infertility.


Which age group or what people are at risk of thyroid?


Thyroid occurs in all age groups. But when there is a hormonal change in a person, then it can be a problem. For example, during pregnancy, after having a baby and during adolescence, thyroid gland problems can occur. This problem is seen more in women than in men. Because women have relatively less ability to fight disease.


If you have thyroid, what should you pay attention to?


A person with thyroid does not need to eat much. But in case of thyroid problem, you should take the medicine on time after taking the doctor's advice. Do not stop taking medicine without doctor's advice.


What to do to prevent thyroid?


Many people suffer from hypothyroidism and become obese. Therefore, to reduce obesity, special attention should be paid to diet, exercise and healthy lifestyle.


How complicated can thyroid be during pregnancy?


Having a thyroid during pregnancy can create a complicated situation for both the mother and the child. The physical and mental development of the baby is not there and the baby may have a sluggish mood later on.


The mother may experience pre-eclampsia, premature labor, heavy bleeding during delivery, low fetal weight or stillbirth.

Does it mean that the fetus can be born 'abnormal' because of the thyroid?


Due to the thyroid itself, there is a fear of abnormal birth in the fetus. Generally speaking, 'neurological disorders' in children may appear as problems such as stopping or slowing down of mental development. As a result, the growth and development of the child can also be a problem. In addition, problems such as deafness or height reduction may occur in the child, and death may occur in the womb due to lack of oxygen while in the womb.


Can there be any way to protect the fetus in the case of thyroid?


Pregnant women should take medicine according to doctor's advice to protect the fetus in case of thyroid. If the thyroid in pregnancy is not controlled, both the mother and the child are at risk. Therefore, you should go to the hospital and be treated according to the doctor's advice.



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