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What is City Scan? Does it have any effect?

 What is City Scan? Does it have any effect?


What is City Scan? In which cases do doctors recommend a CT scan? What problems does it identify?



In some serious diseases, doctors recommend a CT scan to get detailed information about a certain part of the body. A CT scan is a form of X-ray. The full name of which is computerized photography scan.


The patient is sedated for the CT scan. The shape of this machine is like a tunnel. The inner part of this machine rotates at different angles and examines the parts to be examined.


In a normal X-ray, only the state of the organs is known, but in a city scan, the position of the organs as well as the stage of the disease can also be found out.


Why is it done?


Doctors recommend a CT scan if detailed information about body tissues, blood vessels or bones is needed while investigating any disease.


CT scan is done to see the condition of the patient in detail for muscle problems, serious diseases related to bones, stomach problems, during cancer treatment, in the treatment of any internal injuries of the body and in the treatment of heart related problems or diseases.


These things should be noted before doing city scan


During a CT scan, a number of tests are performed in the laboratory. These tests emit radiation that can be harmful to the patient's health. Therefore, city scan should be done only in extremely necessary cases.


Sometimes the radiation from a CT scan can affect other parts of the body as well. In addition, special attention should be paid when performing a CT scan of children. Repeated CT scans can affect children's physical development. Therefore, a CT scan should be done only on the advice of a doctor.


How much does it cost?


A city scan usually costs 3 to 6 thousand rupees. However, the cost of City Scan may vary between government hospitals and private hospitals. The cost may vary depending on the condition of the patient and which part of the body the CT scan is to be performed with or without medication.


How can the patient recover quickly?


A recent research has revealed that the human brain has made a timetable for the work of cells throughout the body.


During the 24 hours of the day, these cells work according to the same schedule, called the 'circadian rhythm' or 'body clock', the biological clock. According to this biological clock, the way the body works during the day and night is different. The body works in different ways at different times of the 24 hours. The Greek physician Hippocrates understood this long ago.





In traditional Chinese medicine, it is mentioned that the lungs work best from 3 am to 5 am, the heart from 11 am to 1 pm, and the kidneys from 5 pm to 7 pm.


Perhaps based on this, new research is being conducted in this direction today. Research by biologist John O'Neill has shown that cells called "fibroblasts" quickly repair tissues damaged by injuries during the day. Fibroblast cells penetrate the skin cells to the site of injury, and help it to heal.




After evaluating the International Burn Injury Database, Professor O'Neill said in his research, "People who burn at night take 11 days longer to heal compared to patients who burn during the day."


The biological clock must be understood


Our body's ability to fight disease also affects our body clock. It is important to have a strong immune system to fight any kind of infection that spreads in the body.


Virologist Rachel Edgar is researching the relationship between the 'body clock' biological clock and viral infections. He has researched the ringworm virus in mice.


According to him, this virus is 10 times more active at night and its effect is much less in the morning. This change is probably due to the immune system being less active. The rhythm of the infected cells is also effective in increasing the infection.


Similar results have been observed in seasonal fever. If you take the medicine in the morning rather than in the afternoon, you will get relief sooner. But it is also true that the chances of getting sick during the day are more. The same principle does not apply to different types of infections.


Medicines should be taken at the right time


Professor Edgar says, 'If it is known at what time the virus is affecting the surrounding cells, it can be prevented from spreading through antiviral therapy. By doing this, the amount of antiviral drugs can also be reduced.


According to the World Health Organization, about 250 basic and essential medicines are available in almost all hospitals in the world. But the time to take all of them is different. The effects of these drugs are determined by the body's internal cellular clock. Because of this, the effect of medicine may be less or more. These include painkillers, blood pressure, asthma and cancer medications.


How effective the medicine will be depends on when it is used. This means that if those medicines are not taken at the right time, their effect will be reduced.


For example, if blood pressure medication is taken in the evening instead of in the morning, it is only 60% effective. Another study showed that the effect of radiation therapy was greater in the afternoon than in the morning.


Not everyone's body works the same way


It is not so easy to find out which medicine is more effective at what time and at what time. It is not always possible for the patient to take the medicine at the right time. Also, the mathematics behind the medicine cannot be explained to the patient.


Many times patients take time to recover if they do not take medication on time. Medicines should be taken regularly without skipping a beat. If the medicine is stopped in between, the medicine will not work properly. Patients do not understand this.


Every person's 'body clock' is different. Some people's sleeping, waking up and eating time do not match. Some have the habit of staying up late at night and sleeping late in the morning.


Many people work at night. As a result, the rhythm of their 'body clock' becomes completely different, which also affects their health.


Light, sleep and time


Our platelets and blood-thickening cells grow during the day. Also, adrenaline hormone, which increases heart rate and constricts nerves, is also released more during the day.


In some intensive care units or cardiac care units, dim lights are turned on at night, which is good for patients. The time of day and night and the patient's biological clock play an important role in many types of surgery and speedy recovery. Researchers hope to soon develop a circadian pill to cure heart disease, an environment that can be used in the presence or absence of light as needed.


Light, sleep and time are the most important to maintain good health, but not all of us pay attention to these things. From cancer, heart disease to allergy patients, medicine is given when it works best in the body. It helps the patient to recover quickly.


Can chemotherapy stop menstruation?


After chemotherapy, various side-effects can be seen in the body. One of which is irregular or stopped menstruation.


Chemotherapy is the most common method of cancer treatment. Chemotherapy is the drug used in the treatment of cancer. Chemotherapy is used to shrink the tumor before surgery. Chemotherapy is used to control the growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy uses powerful chemicals or drugs to kill the growing cells.


Does chemotherapy affect menstruation?


After treatment with chemotherapy, there is a problem of menstrual disturbances. In some cases it can even stop. In chemotherapy, strong drugs are used to control and destroy cancer cells. It not only destroys cancer cells but also destroys other cells in the body.


If the ovaries are affected during chemotherapy, menstruation will be disturbed or stopped. It damages the production of estrogen hormone. Estrogen is an important hormone that plays a role in sexual development. It is also called sex hormone. In such a situation, menstruation is disturbed or stopped.


Therefore, if a woman is undergoing chemotherapy, she may experience menopause at a younger age than other women.


Can there be a problem of infertility?


The problem of stopping menstruation at an early age after chemotherapy can have a serious impact on fertility in the future. After chemotherapy, the ovaries become unable to produce mature eggs. The eggs produced are damaged or destroyed. Due to this, the chances of pregnancy are low. Not only this, chemotherapy also damages the fallopian tubes. This increases the risk of infertility after chemotherapy.


Therefore, since chemotherapy is likely to cause infertility, the eggs of women suffering from cancer are removed and preserved. If the ovaries are later destroyed by chemotherapy, a child can be born through IVF as an alternative. Therefore, sperm is saved for men and women with cancer.


How long can menstruation stop?


Not all women who have received chemotherapy will stop menstruating at the same time. Some people may have a period once every two to three months after undergoing chemo, while some may not have it for two to three years. It depends on the type of chemotherapy and the age of the patient. Also, sometimes a little blood may be seen in between. But this is not the case if menstruation is dry. Due to the dosage of the medicine, it is stopped for some time.


Menstruation resumes?


Menstruation stopped due to chemotherapy cannot be said to return 100%. Menstruation may stop completely in patients who are over 40 years old, while there is a possibility that women who are younger than that will resume menstruation. Menopause usually occurs between the ages of 40 and 50.

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