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What causes colon cancer?

What causes colon cancer?


Stomach and large intestine cancer has been seen in many people recently. In medical terms, it is called colorectal cancer. Colon cancer has many causes. This problem is more common in people who eat too much red meat, eat a lot of processed food, eat less green vegetables and do not exercise.



This type of cancer used to occur in people of 50-60 years of age, now it is happening to people of 40-45 years of age.


Causes of colon cancer


Heredity is also one of the causes of colon cancer. If a family member has bowel cancer, there is a possibility that the child will also get cancer. Unhealthy diet, burnt, fried and red meat eaters are likely to have this problem.



Symptoms


Symptoms of colon cancer include diarrhea, constipation, black stools, blood in stools, feeling like stools but not coming, losing weight, not wanting to eat, stomach cramps, nausea, bloating, weakness, and feeling tired.


How to know?


The amount of blood in the body should be checked. For this, stool examination or colonoscopy can also be done. It is checked by inserting a tube through the anus. Has there been a wound in the intestine by this method or not? It can be checked whether the blood has flowed from the wound or not, whether the flesh is swollen or not. In some cases, there may be a drop of blood leaking from the mouse in the large intestine. Which can be known from this.


Treatment


Colon cancer is treated with surgery. A CT scan is used to find out how much cancer has spread. If a small mouse has grown in the intestine, it is removed by the colonoscopy method. In cases where surgery is not possible, chemotherapy or drugs to stabilize the cancer are used.


Prevention


In addition to paying special attention to diet to prevent colon cancer, colonoscopy should be done every five years after the age of 45. This reduces the risk of cancer in the future by timely treatment in the case of a tumor or a small mouse in the small intestine. But in Nepal, the problem is that most of the patients reach the hospital only in complicated cases.


Similarly, you should exercise regularly, eat plenty of green vegetables and fruits, keep your weight under control, eat balanced and fresh food, do not eat too much red meat, do not eat processed meat, cooked or raw meat, and stay away from smoking and moderate drinking.


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