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How easy is it for a 35-year-old woman to give birth to a child through the test-tube method?

How easy is it for a 35-year-old woman to give birth to a child through the test-tube method?

Medical science is inventing new techniques for couples who cannot conceive through normal procedures. Recently, test-tube baby technology is proving to be a boon for childless couples.

Doctors advise that it is better for women to have children before the age of 35. In this case, how easy is it to have a child by the test-tube baby method after 35 years? There is also a question. After this age, a woman's ability to produce eggs decreases, but artificially, one can get pregnant easily. Two methods are used, IQI and IVF.

IQI (Ultra Uterine Insemination)

In this method, after examining the male sperm, good healthy sperm are identified and placed in the female uterus through a catheter. Medicines are used for women's ovaries. The success rate is 15 to 20 percent.

IVF (In Vitro Fertilization)

IVF is used only after the IUI method fails. This is also done by two methods. In this method, a woman's ovum and a man's sperm are artificially placed in a laboratory to conceive. Which is colloquially called a test-tube baby. This method has a 40 to 50 percent success rate.

Another method is Intra Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICAC). This method is similar to IVF, in which an egg and live sperm are injected. The success rate is 20 to 30 percent. This method is more expensive than others.

IVF has three main processes, preparatory conditions to be done before IVF, the second is the extraction of the woman's egg and the third is the embryo placed in the uterus with the help of a device.

In the first step, after conducting a health examination of the couple, the couple is advised to change their medicine and lifestyle accordingly. If you are smoking or drinking alcohol, you will be asked to stop it completely.

After that, from the second and third day of menstruation, hormone injections are administered daily for 10-13 days. So that a woman's eggs are good, healthy and more. It has to be applied at a very specific time. It is subtle and does not harm any organ.

Once the eggs are healthy, the trigger injection is administered. On the third day after insertion, eggs are collected from the vagina through a catheter. There is no change in it.

Then the eggs are taken to the laboratory and healthy eggs are hatched. The eggs hatched in this way are combined with sperm in an incubator device in a suitable environment and kept in the laboratory. That is where the embryo develops. It is an artificial machine like a uterus in the laboratory. The embryo is kept in it for about three to five days. Placed in it is monitored, the condition and quality of the embryo developed in it is checked and placed in the uterus through a tube.

But after adopting the IVF method, pregnancy does not necessarily succeed. For some, it happens in the first stage, while for some, it may not happen even after seven or eight times. So, if not in the first time, it can happen in the second time.

But this technique does not work for women with uterine problems, congenital uterine defects.

How much does it cost?

In Nepal, the cost of IVF from the beginning to the end, i.e. placing the embryo in the uterus, is around three lakh to three and a half lakh rupees. But it may vary from hospital to hospital. It also determines the fertility of the couple. Because some may need to inject more, some may be given less.


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