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What is Metabolism and How It Works

What is Metabolism and How It Works

Metabolism is a collection of chemical reactions in the cells of the body. Whatever we eat to increase our physical energy, synthesis of biological substances, it helps in the production of energy and cells through important chemical reactions of metabolism. Metabolism is the function of easily providing nutrients, growth and the necessary molecules that operate smoothly in the body. The production of energy is one of the main components of metabolism.

What is Metabolism Definition

In general terms, we can define metabolism in such a way that metabolism is a chemical and physical reaction that helps any organism or animal to maintain its healthy life. It fulfills the energy requirement for basic bodily functions such as breathing, digestion, blood circulation, cell growth and physical repair.


Metabolism Types

Metabolism is a term used to describe all the chemical reactions involved in keeping cells and organisms alive Metabolism can be divided into two categories-


The breakdown of molecules to obtain energy is called catabolism, it releases a large amount of energy, that's why catabolism is known as destructive metabolism. It removes organic matter from the body.


Synthesis of all the necessary compounds through the cell is done through anabolic action. Anabolism helps in cell building by using the energy present in the body, so anabolism is known as creative metabolism.

Symptoms of metabolism

be tired

A person who has a problem like metabolism starts feeling more tired, due to which many problems arise, such as not being able to do more work, not walking around for too long, etc.

High cholesterol

If high cholesterol occurs, the person becomes more troubled by his diseases because because of this, he is neither able to eat out much nor can he travel anywhere so easily.

Muscle weakness

Due to metabolism, there is always weakness in your muscles, due to which you have difficulty in walking and standing for a long time.

Dry skin

Dry skin is a problem for everyone because dry skin is always dry and dull in our body, which causes a lot of problems, always feels like itching, and it happens to you the most during the metabolism because its growth increases our The body begins to suffer from various types of pain.

weight gain

Just hearing about weight gain makes people's minds go bad. Metabolism from above due to which weight is increasing rapidly is something that scares people more.

Swelling in the joints

Swelling in the joints is also always due to your metabolism, because its increase increases weight, increases cholesterol, due to which its effect reaches your joints and the swelling of your joints increases.

Metabolism Problems Weight Gain

Weight gain is a complex process. Sleep, physical activities, stress, diet, environmental effects, changes in hormones and genetics can be the main causes of weight gain. Metabolism is a natural process that slows down such problems. The main reason for our body weight gain is that we consume more calories for physical activities, these extra calories are later converted into fat, and accumulate in the body due to which obesity increases. Our body weight will remain stable if we burn more calories than we are consuming. Read here for ways to relieve stress.

To burn calories, we should take our meals at regular intervals and in small quantities. You can burn more calories in your body by getting into the habit of exercising.

How metabolism works in the body

First of all, it is necessary to know that the metabolism can be kept right by taking both non-vegetarian and non-vegetarian foods. Plants take energy from the sunlight by which they react with chlorophyll, carbon dioxide and water to form sugars and this process is called photosynthesis. So people who eat animals and plants get sugar. Through metabolism, the body breaks down sugars from which energy is obtained and this energy is distributed as fuel by the cells of the body. Metabolism breaks down sugar and stores it in the tissues of the body and when needed, it works to use the stored energy.

There are many hormones that control the state and direction of metabolism, including the thyroid. The hormone released by this gland plays an important role in determining how fast and how slow the chemical reactions of metabolism in a person's body. Metabolism is a very complex chemical process that allows you to know how much energy is provided in your body.

Medicine to increase metabolism


Consuming Ashwagandha powder will boost your metabolism due to which your weight gain will be reduced. You can mix it in your food or take it with milk. You can also make tea and drink it. This will reduce your stress and help you get a good night's sleep.


If you eat Amla daily, it will help you get rid of skin related problems. Because its consumption boosts your immunity, metabolism works well due to which weight starts happening faster, and blood sugar level remains under control.


Consuming Mulethi helps you manage stress, colds and weight. Its intake is quite good for your health. It also keeps your memory sharp.


Nutmeg is used as a spice. By eating it daily, you will not gain weight and you will get good sleep and get rid of heart problems.

Metabolism Works in Essential Nutrients

Food provides various types of nutrients, which are necessary for the maintenance and repair of body tissues. Water, minerals, vitamins, proteins, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus and about 20 essential nutrients are supplied through diet.


Food provides three types of carbohydrates, starch, sugar and fiber. In which starch and fiber are the main sources of energy. Body tissues depend on glucose for all activities. Carbohydrates and sugars produce glucose through metabolism. Most people consume almost half of their diet in the form of carbohydrates. It comes from rice, bread, wheat, potato, pasta, macaroni etc. Read how to make macaroni here.


Protein builds the main tissue in our body. Protein is helpful for cell structure, hemoglobin formation and other functions of the body. Metabolism helps in running this function smoothly. Protein plays an important role in the supply of nitrogen for DNA and RNA genetic material and energy production. Protein is necessary for nutrition, essential amino acids are found from protein. Essential amino acids include- lysine, tryptophan, methionine, leucine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, valine, threonine. The highest amount of protein is obtained from eggs, milk, soybeans, meat, vegetables and grains.


Fat is the main source of energy, it produces twice as much energy as carbohydrates and proteins. Fats help build cellular structures in the body, and form a protective ring around the body's vital organs. Fats provide a reserve storage for energy. Essential fatty acids are - linolenic and arachidonic.


Minerals in foods do not work directly in the supply of energy, but it is important for the body. It plays an important role in the metabolism of the body. More than 50 elements are found in the human body, of which 25 elements have been found essential. Important minerals include calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, iron, chloride ions, copper, cobalt, manganese, zinc, magnesium, zinc, fluorine and iodine.


Especially important vitamins are present in metabolism, they are - vitamin A, B2, niacin, pantothenic acid. This vitamin is an essential organic compound, without which the human body cannot synthesize itself, so all these vitamins must be present in our diet.

Metabolism Pathways

The chemical reactions of metabolism are organized into metabolic pathways that allow enzymes to move efficiently through the chemical chain in their order in the cells. Enzymes are important for metabolism. Metabolism is closely related to nutrition and nutrient availability. Bioenergetics is a term that describes the biochemical or metabolic pathways by which cells ultimately obtain energy. Due to metabolism, energy is broken down into different parts and synthesizes proteins, nucleic acids etc. in the body.

Ways, remedies, food to increase metabolism

Foods rich in protein –

Foods made of protein help to increase metabolism. Along with milk, cheese and other dairy products, eggs, chicken, fish, seafood also increase metabolism. This keeps the muscles strong, and keeps the weight under control.

Legumes and pulses –

Many types of pulses are made in our house so that our metabolism stays under control. For example, moong, lentils, chickpeas contain more protein than other foods. Legumes contain dietary fiber which helps in proper digestion. This keeps your blood sugar under control.

Green vegetables –

Green vegetables contain zinc, iron and selenium which are very beneficial for the thyroid. This also increases the amount of metabolism in the body.

green tea –

Green tea contains many antioxidants that help increase metabolism, and eliminate toxins from the body. Drinking green tea burns 100 calories a day.

How to reduce metabolism

To reduce it, you have to take time for yourself so that you can take good care of your health because for this you need a lot of diet and exercise, only after that you will be able to reduce it.

In this way you can make your body healthy and fit by improving your metabolism.


Q: How to reduce metabolism?

Ans : For this you have to pay special attention to your diet so that you can reduce it.

Q: Why do you have to face problems due to increased metabolism?

Ans : Due to its increase, many things start bothering you like weight, muscle pain, joint swelling etc.

Q: What are metabolism super foods?

Ans: Protein rich foods, green vegetables, pulses, green tea etc.

Q: What is the medicine to increase metabolism?

Ans : Amla, Mulethi Ashwagandha, Nutmeg etc.

Q: At what age does metabolism increase?

Ans: It has no age limit because nowadays it has been seen in children to adults as well.


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